By Eric Feldman, Ronald Bayer
Within the mid-1980s public well-being officers in North the United States, Europe, Japan, and Australia chanced on that nearly 1/2 the hemophiliac inhabitants, in addition to tens of hundreds of thousands of blood transfusion recipients, were contaminated with HIV-tainted blood. This booklet offers a comparative point of view at the political, criminal, and social struggles that emerged in line with the HIV illness of the blood offer of the industrialized global. It describes how 8 countries spoke back to the 1st indicators that AIDS will be transmitted via blood, how early efforts to safe the blood provide faltered, and what measures have been eventually carried out to unravel the illness. The authors aspect the striking mobilization of hemophiliacs who challenged the kingdom, the scientific institution, and their very own caregivers to hunt recompense and justice. finally, the blood institutions in just about all the complicated business international locations have been shaken. In Canada, the pink go used to be compelled to withdraw from blood assortment and distribution. In Japan, pharmaceutical companies that synthetic clotting issue agreed to giant reimbursement -- $500,000 in keeping with hemophiliac contaminated. In France, blood officers went to criminal. Even in Denmark, the place the variety of contaminated hemophiliacs used to be rather small, the fight and litigation surrounding blood has ended in the main protracted criminal and administrative clash in glossy Danish heritage. Blood Feuds brings jointly chapters at the reports of the USA, Japan, France, Canada, Germany, Denmark, Italy, and Australia with 4 comparative essays that make clear the cultural, institutional, and monetary dimensions of the HIV/blood disaster.
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Extra resources for Blood Feuds: Aids, Blood, and the Politics of Medical Disaster
In Massachusetts, Jonathan Wadleigh began to organize the Committee of Ten Thousand (COTT) as a support group for hemophiliacs who believed their needs had not been met by the National Hemophilia Foundation. On the West Coast, Michael Rosenberg took a more aggressive stance as he organized the Hemophilia/HIV Peer Association. It was Rosenberg's vision that would ultimately inform and shape the fury of those who would come to see their plight as the consequence of profound institutional failure, although it was COTT that would take o the more enduring organizational form.
18i c 24 NATIONAL ENCOUNTERS WITH BLOOD AND AIDS From the perspective of officials at the CDC, there were two options given the risks involved, both of which could be pursued in the name of safety: screen out donors who were at increased risk; adopt a surrogate screening test that could identify dangerous donations. One CDC official noted that more than 80% of gay AIDS patients carried hepatitis B core antibody. 19 Representatives of the gay community forcefully opposed every suggestion that blood banks follow the lead taken by Alpha Therapeutics in questioning prospective donors about their sexual orientation and practices.
As the National Hemophilia Foundation first began to consider this issue, it exhibited extraordinary caution. In commenting on the decision of Hyland Therapeutics to withdraw a lot of clotting factor in May 1983, it declared It is not the role of the NHF to judge the appropriateness of corporate decisions made by individual pharmaceutical companies. "41 (emphasis supplied) When the FDA's Blood Products Advisory Committee met to confront this issue, it was warned by pharmaceutical firms that a policy of automatic recall of all suspect lots of concentrate would wreak havoc with the supply.