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By Mary Jaeger

The nice mathematician Archimedes, a Sicilian Greek whose machines defended Syracuse opposed to the Romans through the moment Punic battle, was once killed through a Roman after the town fell, but it's mostly Roman assets, and Greek texts geared toward Roman audiences, that guard the tales approximately him. Archimedes' tale, Mary Jaeger argues, therefore turns into a locus the place writers discover the intersection of Greek and Roman tradition, and as such it performs an enormous position in Roman self-definition. Jaeger makes use of the biography of Archimedes as a hermeneutic software, delivering perception into the development of the conventional ancient narrative in regards to the Roman conquest of the Greek global and the Greek cultural invasion of Rome.By breaking down the narrative of Archimedes' lifestyles and analyzing how a few of the anecdotes that contain it are embedded of their contexts, the ebook bargains clean readings of passages from either famous and less-studied authors, together with Polybius, Cicero, Livy, Vitruvius, Plutarch, Silius Italicus, Valerius Maximus, Johannes Tzetzes, and Petrarch."Jaeger, in her meticulous and chic research of other historical bills of his lifestyles and inventions...reveal extra approximately how the Romans thought of their conquest of the Greek international than approximately 'science'."---Helen King, instances Literary Supplement"An totally incredible publication on a very unique and significant subject. As Jaeger explores ignored texts that jointly inform a massive tale in regards to the Romans' perspectives of empire and their dating to Greek cultural accomplishments, so she has written a massive new bankruptcy within the background of technological know-how. a real excitement to learn, from first web page to last."---Andrew Feldherr, affiliate Professor of Classics, Princeton University"This elegantly written and convincingly argued venture analyzes Archimedes as a motor vehicle for reception of the Classics, as a determine for loss and restoration of cultural reminiscence, and as a metaphorical illustration of the improvement of Roman identification. Jaeger's fastening at the nonetheless really imprecise determine of the best old mathematician as a fashion of realizing cultural liminality within the old global is little short of a stroke of genius."---Christina S. Kraus, Professor and Chair of Classics, Yale University"Archimedes and the Roman mind's eye varieties an invaluable addition to our knowing of Roman tradition in addition to of the reception of technology in antiquity. it'll make a real contribution to the self-discipline, not just by way of its unique interpretative claims but in addition as a desirable instance of ways we may possibly stick with the cultural reception of ancient figures."---Reviel Netz, Professor of Classics, Stanford UniversityCover artwork: Benjamin West. Cicero learning the Tomb of Archimedes. Yale collage artwork Gallery. John Hill Morgan, B.A. 1893, LL.B. 1898, M.A. (Hon.) 1929, Fund.

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Indagavi s epulcrum. . Ego autem . . animum adverti columellam. . ego statim Syracusanis . . dixi). In fact, Cicero alone is the subject of verbs denoting inquiry; after he announces his findin s (Syracusanis . . dixi), the Syracusans join him as the subject of 38 A R C H I M E D E S A N D T H E R O M A N I M A G I N AT I O N the verb accessimus. Other details reinforce the sense of Cicero’s lively and aggressive curiosity: the title quaestor offers a weak pun, since it is derived from the verb quaerere, “to search,” which describes both Archimedes’ life of inquiry (alterius mens rationibus ag itandis exquirendisque alebatur .

17 Yet when we restore the “Eureka” story to its context of the opposition between the tribute paid to athletes as opposed to writers, these two details— Archimedes’ nudity and gait—look less redundant and more pointed and emphatic: together with his bath, they assimilate him to his antithesis, the Greek athlete. 20 If Vitruvius’s references to Archimedes’ nudity and gait, taken together in the context of the pr eface, assimilate him t o the G reek athlete, what ar e the 22 A R C H I M E D E S A N D T H E R O M A N I M A G I N AT I O N effects of this assimilation?

While Vitruvius mentions Archimedes’ joy as the for ce ejecting him from the bath, Plutarch places emphasis thr oughout the passage on the impor tance of intellectual pleasure—no surprise in an essay arguing that following the tenets of Epicurus brings no real or lasting happiness. Although Favinus and Proclus mention only the crown problem and not the bath, their versions share some noteworthy features with the others. The last third of F avinus’s tw o-hundred-line Carmen de ponder ibus tells ho w t o demonstrate the fr audulent debasement of metals b y using their specifi gravity, and it credits Archimedes with the discovery.

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