Download Alexander the Great (Lancaster Pamphlets in Ancient History) by Richard Stoneman PDF

By Richard Stoneman

Presents an advent to the historical past of Alexander and the most issues of his reign. in addition to tackling difficulties of interpretation, the textual content contains: an exam of the written and different resources, and the issues of operating with them; dialogue of archaeological and numismatic facts; an overview of the Macedonian historical past; perception into Alexander's schooling and ideas; an exploration of Alexander's declare to divinity; review of Alexander's brief and long term achievements; and a learn of his impact in antiquity.

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As Alexander’s successes multiplied, ambition became steadily greater; but his minimum aim when he set out must have been to compel Darius to acknowledge without question Greek authority over the regions he chose to conquer. The campaign began in spring 334. Alexander’s army consisted of at least 30,000 infantry and 5000 cavalry; but he was able to leave an infantry force of comparable size, and about 1500 cavalry, in Greece and Macedon 25 robin-bobin to maintain security. He also had a fleet of 120 warships as well as a number of cargo-ships.

This was a time-consuming operation, and while Parmenio took charge of it Alexander undertook a detour which was of great propaganda value as well as religious significance. It began with a sacrifice at the tomb of Protesilaus (the name means ‘first-leaper’), who had been the first of the Greeks to land when the Trojan War began – and the first to die too. Alexander then crossed the straits of Gallipoli. Hurling his spear into the soil of Asia as he landed, he claimed the entire territory as ‘spear-won land’, set up altars to the gods, and set off for Troy.

29 robin-bobin The next stage of the march was to establish control of the southern coast of Asia Minor and remove all power from the enemy fleet. Parmenio, however, was sent back to Sardis to undertake campaigns against the peoples of central Anatolia. By midwinter 334/3, Alexander was at Phaselis, and here a curious piece of intelligence arrived from Parmenio. The latter had captured a Persian named Sisines, who had brought to Alexander the Lyncestian (currently serving in Parmenio’s forces) a letter from Darius offering 1000 talents for the murder of King Alexander.

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