Download Across Atlantic Ice: The Origin of America's Clovis Culture by Dennis J. Stanford PDF

By Dennis J. Stanford

Who have been the 1st people to inhabit North the US? in accordance with the now general tale, mammal hunters entered the continent a few 12,000 years in the past through a land bridge that spanned the Bering Sea. distinct stone instruments belonging to the Clovis tradition proven the presence of those early New global humans. yet are the Clovis instruments Asian in beginning? Drawing from unique archaeological research, paleoclimatic learn, and genetic stories, famous archaeologists Dennis J. Stanford and Bruce A. Bradley problem the outdated narrative and, within the method, counter traditional—and frequently subjective—approaches to archaeological trying out for historic relatedness. The authors observe rigorous scholarship to a speculation that areas the technological antecedents of Clovis in Europe and posits that the 1st american citizens crossed the Atlantic through boat and arrived prior to formerly idea. offering archaeological and oceanographic facts to help this statement, the booklet dismantles the previous paradigm whereas persuasively linking Clovis expertise with the tradition of the Solutrean those who occupied France and Spain greater than 20,000 years ago.

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Additional resources for Across Atlantic Ice: The Origin of America's Clovis Culture

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This stratified site, excavated by Joe and Lynn McAvoy, was the latest contender as a pre-Clovis occupation. The site boasts a sequence of cultures, including late Paleoindian, Clovis, and for the first time undisputed cultural artifacts in an occupation level below Clovis. 4b). In general, the tools would fit easily into a Clovis assemblage, except for the two weapon tips. These points, although similar to Clovis points in form, were much thinner and had bases that were thinned instead of fluted.

This is an exhilarating time in an exciting pursuit. Dennis J. Stanford and Bruce A. Bradley draw on ethnography (some of it their own), archaeology (some of it their own), paleoclimatology, oceanography, geology, experimentation (some of it their own), human biology, and more to formulate a hypothesis that accounts for why the Americas seem to have been first peopled during the last glacial period and evidently by way of the harsh artic realm. Since humankind has evolved and thrived in tropical and temperate climes for more than 98 percent of its existence, the circumstances that drove this expansion of range must have been extraordinary.

The technology continued developing in eastern North America, ultimately becoming what we call Clovis. This is a hypothesis worthy of full testing. Already, in fact, testing is under way. For example, based primarily on nascent accounts of this hypothesis published by Dennis and Bruce in 2004 and 2006 in World Archaeology, Kieran Westley and Justin Dix challenged the “Solutrean Atlantic Hypothesis” in the pages of the first issue of the first volume of the Journal of the North Atlantic (2008). They presented a comprehensive review of the status of the ice pack margins of the North Atlantic for the entire duration of the Solutrean (16,000–21,000 years ago) and found that throughout most of that time, it is highly unlikely that conditions along the margin were suitable for sustaining even well-outfitted human mariners.

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